Question: How Do You Treat High Prolactin Levels?

What are the signs of high prolactin?

High Prolactin Level SymptomsInfertility.White milk leaking from nipples.Absent, infrequent, or irregular periods.Loss of libido.Painful or uncomfortable intercourse.Vaginal dryness.Acne.Excessive body and facial hair growth (hirsutism)More items….

Does prolactin make you tired?

Prolactin levels are naturally higher during sleep, and animals injected with the chemical become tired immediately. This suggests a strong link between prolactin and sleep, so it’s likely that the hormone’s release during orgasm causes men to feel sleepy.

Can stress cause high levels of prolactin?

Neuroendocrine Changes. There is some evidence that functional hyperprolactinemia may be due to stress-induced neuroendocrine changes of dopamine and serotonin, thus affecting prolactin release [35]. REM sleep rebound, a behavioral coping mechanism to stress, has been found to be mediated by prolactin [36].

What is a high level of prolactin?

Prolactin levels of between 30 ng/mL and 200 ng/mL are considered moderately high. This level of prolactin in the blood can have many causes. Conditions related to raised levels of prolactin include: pituitary disorders.

Does high prolactin need to be treated?

Not all cases of high prolactin levels need to be treated. Your treatment will depend on the diagnosis. If it turns out to be a small prolactinoma or a cause can’t be found, your doctor may recommend no treatment at all. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medicine to lower prolactin levels.

What causes high prolactin in females?

Its hormones help regulate important functions such as growth, metabolism, blood pressure and reproduction. Other possible causes of prolactin overproduction include medications, other types of pituitary tumors, an underactive thyroid gland, ongoing irritation to the chest, pregnancy and breast-feeding.

What can I eat to reduce prolactin?

Foods that lower prolactin levels are generally high in zinc; think shellfish, beef, turkey and beans. It’s also important to get plenty of B6, so foods like potatoes, bananas, wild salmon, chicken and spinach can help boost those vitamin levels.

Does high prolactin always mean tumor?

What causes hyperprolactinemia? One common cause of hyperprolactinemia is a growth or tumor on the pituitary gland called a prolactinoma. The tumor produces high levels of prolactin. These tumors can be large or small and are usually benign, meaning they are not cancerous.

What causes high prolactin levels in non pregnant female?

If prolactin levels are higher than normal, it often means there is a type of tumor of the pituitary gland, known as a prolactinoma. This tumor makes the gland produce too much prolactin. Excess prolactin can cause the production of breast milk in men and in women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding.

What are the side effects of high prolactin levels?

Symptoms include irregular or absent menstrual periods, infertility, menopausal symptoms (hot flashes and vaginal dryness), and, after several years, osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of the bones). High prolactin levels can also cause milk discharge from the breasts.

Can prolactin be cured?

Surgery corrects the prolactin level in most people with small pituitary tumors. However, many pituitary tumors come back within five years of surgery. For people with larger tumors that can only be partially removed, drug therapy often can return the prolactin level to a normal range after surgery.

How long does it take for prolactin levels to return to normal?

It also usually decreases the size of micro- and macroadenomas to normal. Prolactin levels usually fall within the first two to three weeks of treatment, but detectable decreases in adenoma size take more time, usually several weeks to months.

What is the normal range of prolactin in female?

Normal Results The normal values for prolactin are: Men: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L) Nonpregnant women: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L) Pregnant women: 80 to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)

Can High prolactin levels go down on their own?

In some patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, the high prolactin levels return to normal on their own. If this does not happen within a few months, symptomatic patients often receive treatment with cabergoline or bromocriptine.

Does prolactin cause weight gain?

High levels of prolactin can also result in weight gain and neuropsychological disturbances. The size of the tumor correlates with the amount of prolactin secreted. Larger tumors can cause mass effects by compression of local structures.

How can I lower my prolactin levels naturally?

Treatment for high prolactin levelschanging your diet and keeping your stress levels down.stopping high-intensity workouts or activities that overwhelm you.avoiding clothing that makes your chest uncomfortable.avoiding activities and clothing that overstimulate your nipples.taking vitamin B-6 and vitamin E supplements.

Does prolactin increase breast size?

What is Prolactin? Prolactin is a hormone produced by your pituitary gland which sits at the bottom of the brain. Prolactin causes breasts to grow and develop and causes milk to be made after a baby is born.

Can I get pregnant with high prolactin?

High prolactin levels inhibit secretion of FSH, which is the hormone that triggers ovulation. So, if your prolactin levels are high, your ovulation may be suppressed. This is why women who are breastfeeding (and thus have high levels of prolactin) usually don’t become pregnant.