Quick Answer: What Are Signs Of Mental Retardation In Toddlers?

What is mild retardation?

Definition.

Mild mental retardation is defined as significantly subaverage intellectual ability, which ranges between 50–55 and 70, and concurrent delays in adaptive functioning that present prior to the age of 18..

What tests determine mental retardation?

The Wechsler and Binet scales remain the two dominant, language-loaded, individually administered intelligence tests used for the diagnosis of mental retardation in the United States.

What does mild intellectual disability look like?

Some of the symptoms of mild intellectual disability include: taking longer to learn to talk, but communicating well once they know how. being fully independent in self-care when they get older. having problems with reading and writing.

What is a borderline IQ score?

Borderline intellectual functioning refers to estimated intelligence quotient scores within the 70 to 75 range on an intelligence test with an average of 100 and a standard deviation of 15.

How early can you detect mental retardation?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

What causes a child to be developmentally delayed?

Causes of Developmental Delay Genetic or hereditary conditions like Down syndrome. Metabolic disorders like phenylketonuria (PKU) Trauma to the brain, such as shaken baby syndrome. Severe psychosocial trauma, such as post-traumatic stress disorder.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

Is retardation a disability?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly called mental retardation) is the most common developmental disability–nearly 6.5 million people in the United States have some level of ID.

How do I know if my child has mental retardation?

Low IQ scores and limitations in adaptive skills are the hallmarks of mental retardation. Aggression, self-injury, and mood disorders are sometimes associated with the disability. The severity of the symptoms and the age at which they first appear depend on the cause.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

What is borderline mental retardation?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).